PERIODONTAL (GUM) DISEASE
The most common form of periodontal disease is a result of inflammation of the gums. It is called gingivitis.
Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Gingivitis, if left untreated, may progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious condition which involves the inflammation of the supporting structures of the tooth, that is, the ligaments and bone.
Effects of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is progressive, accumulative and irreversible.
Even if it doesn't hurt, untreated gum disease will eventually result in tooth loss.
Periodontal Disease and other Illnesses
Recent studies have shown there is a very strong correlation between the presence of periodontal disease and heart disease, diabetes and other systemic illnesses.
Periodontal disease can go on for years without pain and without detection, unless specific examination procedures are performed.
Early detection and adequate diagnosis requires measurement of pockets (the crevice between the tooth and gum) with a periodontal probe.
Don't Delay Treatment
Effective prevention and treatment is available, but the damage caused as the disease progresses is irreversible.
Causes of Periodontal (Gum) Disease
The main cause of periodontal disease is plaque, but other factors include smoking, genetics, puberty, pregnancy, menopause, stress, medications, clenching/grinding teeth, diabetes, poor nutrition, obesity and other systemic diseases.
Signs of Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Some signs of periodontal disease may include:
- Bleeding gums
- Redness of gum tissue
- Swelling of gums around the teeth
- Breath odour
- Receding gums and
- Increased mobility of teeth
Prevention of Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Periodontal disease and tooth decay is best prevented by regular visits to your dental hygienist, together with impeccable oral hygiene.
Early detection and treatment is critical to prevent tooth loss.
Although the treatment procedure is simple, painless and requires only a few minutes, millions of Australians have never had it done.
Arrange a visit for a periodontal assessment.